Sunan Bonang or Raden Makdum Ibrahim was one of the members of the Wali Songo who spread the symbols of Islam in Java in the 14th century AD.
Sunan Bonang was born in 1465. He is the son of Sunan Ampel and Nyai Ageng Manila. Bonang is a village in Rembang district.
Sunan Bonang is one of the religious figures who spread his teachings by using art and literary tools. It is said that the name Sunan Bonang itself is taken from its inventor, namely gamelan with a bulge in the middle. That's where the nickname Sunan Bonang was pinned to Raden Makdum Ibrahim.
Sunan Bonang died in 1525 AD, the tomb of Sunan Bonang is in several locations. The most famous tomb is located behind the Great Mosque of Tuban, the second is located in the Kramat pond on Bawean Island, and the last one is located on a Kemuning hill in Bonang Village, Lasem District, Rembang Regency which is now often called the Pasujudan Sunan Bonang Site.
The site of Sunan Bonang's pasujudan was found on a hill located on the edge of the Binangun beach which belongs to the Bonang Village area, Lasem District. In that place, there is a building containing a large stone that is said to be used for prayer and a place of prayer by Sunan Bonang.
This stone is often referred to as Pasujudan Sunan Bonang. On the stone, there are former limbs which are believed by the public to be former members of Sunan Bonang's body.
At the Pasujudan Sunan Bonang site there is also the tomb of Putri Cempo (Champa). According to local beliefs, Putri Chempo is one of Sunan Bonang's students.
Not only the Pasujudan Sunan Bonang site but there is also a mosque left by Sunan Bonang which is located not far from Sunan Bonang's tomb. Speaking of relics, Sunan Bonang also has a legacy in the form of Bende Bicak.
Bande Becak comes from the word Bande which is a tool from the gamelan (usually used to gather masses for certain purposes) and Becak is the name of a Majapahit envoy to deliver news to Sunan Bonang. According to local folklore, at that time Sunan Bonang was still praying and dhikr to Allah SWT, so the rickshaw waited in front of Sunan Bonang's house while singing Javanese but Sunan Bonang did not like to hear the voice in the middle of dhikr to Allah SWT. When one of his students asked what that sound was, Sunan Bonang replied that it was a bende sound. His words then changed the form of Bicak into a bende. Bende is named Bende Becak.